• This map shows how Americans see the United States divided into five regions. It shows the average of a total 612 responses to the question,

    "If you had to divide the 50 U.S. states into exactly five general regions, what would they be?"

    Top results by state

    Individual regions

    Primary regions

    These were the most common types of groupings:

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    This was a relatively well-defined region, generally encompassing the Pacific coast plus Nevada. Arizona was also frequently included. Some configurations divided the West by north and south, including Texas, New Mexico, Utah or Colorado in a "Southern Pacific" region.
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    This was the least well-defined region overall. Typically states in common included Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Utah and Colorado. However, the region was often expanded to include the Great Plains states, the Southeast, or the Pacific Northwest. Alaska was sometimes included along with the Pacific Northwest. Texas, and Oklahoma were very narrowly divided between the South and Frontier, and sometimes included an entirely separate "Big Sky" region (explained below).
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    The Midwest grouping was somewhat cohesive, though the main disagreement was whether to include the Great Plains states, as well as Missouri. Kentucky and West Virginia were also sometimes included in this region. The anchor states, however, were almost always Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana and Michigan.
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    The South was the second most well-defined region (after the Northeast). Texas and Oklahoma were frequently put in a "Frontier" or "Southwest" region, while Missouri was included in the South almost 40% of the time. The fight over Texas was particularly divisive, with almost an exact tie between its inclusion in the South or the Frontier.

    Notes on Texas:
  • 6% put Texas in a "Big Sky" grouping with the Great Plains states
  • 9% put Texas in a "South Pacific"/"Pacific" grouping with Arizona, New Mexico, Hawaii and/or California
  • 43% put Texas in a "Mountain" or "Southwestern" grouping, collectively termed "Frontier"
  • 42% put Texas in a grouping with the South.
  • Respondents from the South and Northeast were the most likely to include Texas in the South.
  • Respondents from the Pacific, Frontier and Midwest were more likely to put Texas in the Frontier.
  • While responses from outside the United States were disqualified, almost all put Texas in the South.
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    Alternative regions

    These less common groupings were also present:

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    This grouping typically included the full Great Plains states, as well as Texas, Wyoming, Missouri and Iowa. Other states, like Minnesota, Colorado and New Mexico, were sometimes included. Approximately 6% of responses had a defined Big Sky region.
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    Seen in about 4% of responses, an Atlantic or Mid-Atlantic grouping is another likely candidate for a sixth region. While the region most typically included the Cheasapeake states (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia), common additions included New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania.

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